欢迎访问南京市第一中学官网!
  • 站内搜索
  • 联系我们
  • 旧版网站

“自主学习”之我见

发布时间:2014-12-02浏览次数:

Good morning,Yizhong! My name is Miss Anna and I’ve been a teacher here atyour school for 4 years. I'm here to give you a different perspectiveon self-study, because I have seen American students succeed in thisarea.

Americanstudents from the earliest period see education as an individualactivity, not a competition within a group. That means they areaccustomed to competing only with themselves. For example, if I get85% on the first test, my only goal will be to improve on that scorefor the next time, no matter what others around me have done. Infact, I might never know my classmates’ scores because anAmerican teacher will never tell one student another student’smark. This individualistic attitude from an early time sets the tonefor the rest of the student’s education.

Not onlyscores are personal, though. The American educational system treatseach student as an individual, as well. Teachers tell students thateach one may have a different learning style (such asvisual---learning more by seeing, auditory---learning more by whatyou hear, or tactile---learning more by touching or moving) and soeach student needs to find his/her own preferred learning method.Once a student knows which activities maximize his/her learning,he/she will be able to plan self-study more efficiently. Forinstance, I am a visual learner, so I know I need to take notesduring class and not only listen to the information. If I can seewhat I have been taught, that vastly improves my chances ofremembering it.

SoAmericans practice self-study habits from an early age, but thequestion remains: “Why?” Why should we know how to studyby ourselves and practice that skill until we are good at it? Theanswer is simple: because your parents, teachers, and/or boss willnot be with you every moment for the rest of your life. Youindependently need to learn how to organize your time, make a studyschedule, and force yourself to follow your own plans if you are everto succeed in self-study. The determination, persistence, andstrength of character that would make you follow through on your ownarrangements will be of great help to you in overcoming difficultiesyou may face in the future.

In addition,Americans believe that education is not just a series of painfulexams to be passed, but a preparation for real life in society. If bythe time I graduate from high school I already know how to manage myown time, juggle all the activities I participate in, and canmotivate myself to study hard, I will be much better prepared forlife in university. And in American university life, I will be evenmore independent to the point that my success or failure depends onlyon me. Then these same organizational and study skills I learnedgrowing up will carry me through university successfully and allow meto work well in my career. As a case in point, if two people in mydepartment are both given the same task, but I finish mine on time orearly (because I can organize my time and motivate myself), my bosswill be happier with me and may consider me when promotions becomeavailable.

You all arestudents in China, but the same thing holds true here: self-study isa good habit that prepares you for success in your further study andwork. This may seem like an insignificant trick to develop, but it’snot a small thing at all. I won’t lie to you guys, realself-study is difficult, although that doesn’t mean it’simpossible! It is worth investing the time and energy in yourself,and motivating yourself to study right now, so that you willbecome a better student, worker, and citizen in the future!

译文:

早上好,一中!我是安娜老师,我在贵校教书已有4年了。我今天在这里想从一个不同的视角跟大家谈谈“自主学习”,因为我见证了美国学生在这方面取得的成功。

美国学生从小就把教育看作是个体活动而非群体竞争。他们习惯于自我较量。例如,假使我初次考试正确率是85%,那我下次的唯一目标就是提高得分,不管我周围人怎样。事实上我可能从不知道我同学的分数,因为老师不会把一个同学的分数告诉另一个同学。这种从小形成的个人化态度,为学生未来的学习定好了基调。

不仅分数是个人的,美国教育系统还将学生看成独立的个体。老师会告诉同学们每个人都有不同的学习风格(比如视觉的,听觉的或是触觉的),所以每个同学需要找到自己偏好的学习方式。一旦同学们懂得哪种活动能最大化促进自己的学习,他们就能更有效地计划自主学习。比如,我是一位视觉学习者,那我就懂得需要在课上记笔记而不只是听讲。如果能看见所教内容,那将大大有助于我记住它们。

所以美国人很小就培养自主学习的习惯,可问题是“为什么?”为什么我们需要懂得如何自主学习并不断训练自己直到自如掌握?答案很简单:因为父母、老师或是老板不能陪伴你一生。如果要保证自己的自主学习能够成功的话,你需要独立学会如何支配自己的时间,制定学习计划,并迫使自己按计划要求执行。决心、毅力和能让自己贯彻计划的骨气将成为你战胜未来所面临困难的巨大帮助。

此外,美国人相信教育不仅仅是一系列需要通过的痛苦考试,也是为真实的社会生活所做的准备。如果高中毕业时,我已经知道如何管理自己的时间,应对所有参与的活动,并且能促使自己更努力的学习,那我为大学生活做好的准备就充足得多。在美国大学生活里,我将更加独立,甚至到成功与失败只取决于自己的地步。那时,这些我成长过程中学会的组织安排和学习的技能将使我成功地度过大学并让我在职业生涯中工作顺利。举一个例子,如果部门中两个人接受了同样的任务,而我准时或提前完成了,(因为我会安排时间并且执行力强),老板就会对我更满意,有机会提拔时,就可能考虑我。

你们都是中国的学生,但这个道理在这里同样适用:自主学习是很好的习惯,它让你对未来的学习和工作做好准备。“自主学习”这一技能的发展看起来好像不重要,但它绝非小事一桩。我不想欺骗大家,真正的“自主学习”确实很难!尽管,这并不意味着不可能做到。你值得为此投入时间和精力,激发自己立刻去学习。这样,你才能够成为更好的学生,和未来更好的工作者和公民!